Few events are as terrifying as witnessing your pet having a seizure. One second, they look perfectly fine and normal, and the next, they are on their side, eyes glazed, and muscles twitching. They may even lose control of their bladder or bowels. As a result of an abnormal electrical activity in the brain, this episode may last only seconds, and in other cases several minutes. For some dogs, this is a one-time experience, but in most cases, seizures may recur.
Because there are so many potential underlying causes of seizures, identifying the possible culprits is a good starting point when trying to develop the best treatment option. For example: Your pet could be having seizures because of a possible culprit occurring within the brain, i.e. tumors; viral; bacterial or parasitic infections; strokes; and/or head trauma. Or they could be having seizures because of a possible culprit occurring outside the brain, i.e. nutritional deficiencies as well as toxins like lead, insecticides, and even molds. Additionally, metabolic abnormalities such as liver or kidney disease can cause seizures, and some anesthetic agents and medications may also trigger them in sensitive animals. And sometimes, no underlying disease process can be found and the final diagnosis may be the seizure disorder may be idiopathic, meaning cause unknown.